The Difference between a Healthy and an Unhealthy Diet

A healthy diet includes all food groups i.e. carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals in appropriate amounts, as well as the correct intake of calories. The required calorie intake differs on the basis of age, sex, occupation etc. However, on average, about 2000 calories per day are considered sufficient. Coupled with exercise, a healthy diet prevents countless diseases and keeps a person fit.

In contrast, unhealthy food refers to food with low nutritional value and high calories, sugar, and fat content. An unbalanced diet with a high intake of unhealthy or “junk food” can lead to many health issues including obesity, malnourishment, diseases due to dietary deficiencies, etc.

Keeping a balanced and healthy diet is an essential element of the healthcare regime. However, dietary requirements of individuals may differ based on a number of factors including age, sex, health condition, etc. Therefore, for a detailed discussion on what all to add and avoid to one’s daily diet, it is important to consult the top nutritionist in Lahore or one in your area.

Importance of a healthy diet

  • Prevents diseases such as obesity, malnutrition etc
  • Boosts immunity and hence enhances the ability to fight viruses and infections
  • Leads to healthy bones and teeth
  • Acts as a mood enhancer
  • Evades dietary deficiencies(ex. Vitamin/Iron/Calcium deficiencies) and hence evades diseases associated with them
  • Reduces risks of heart attacks
  • Ensures healthy functioning of all vital organs

Consequences of an unhealthy diet

  • Increased risk of countless disease such as obesity, diabetes, osteoporosis, anemia, cardiovascular diseases, cancer etc
  • Higher chances of eating disorders, depression, stress, anxiety etc
  • Laziness and lethargy
  • Hair fall, tooth decay, weak bones, unhealthy skin and nails

Tips to Make Your Diet Healthier

  • Eating slowly
  • Switching to wholegrain bread
  • Adding yogurt to the diet
  • Including eggs in the diet
  • Increasing the intake of proteins
  • Drinking enough water
  • Baking or Roasting instead of grilling or frying
  • Taking omega-3 and vitamin D supplements
  • Replacing French fries with baked potatoes
  • Replacing sugary beverages with sugar-free or sparkling water
  • Getting a good night’s sleep
  • Choosing healthier oils for cooking such as extra virgin olive oil, avocado oil or coconut oil
  • Eating from smaller plates
  • Drinking black coffee
  • Eating fresh berries instead of dried ones

Healthy diet improves quality of life and prevents many diseases. Therefore, in order to lead a prosperous and prolonged life, one must always keep his or her diet full of nutritious foods. In addition, one should include regular exercise to his or her routine. Avoidance of junk food is another important point to remember.

However, when it comes to matters of health, it is always best to seek professional advice. If you or a loved one is facing any sort of dietary issues, please consult the top nutritionist in Islamabad or your city of residence.